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Research from the Stanford Mind & Body Lab used in the training:

Leibowitz, K. A., Howe, L. C., & Crum, A. J. (2021). Changing mindsets about side effects. BMJ Open.

Howe, L. C., Hardebeck, E. J., Leibowitz, K. A., & Crum, A. J. (2018). Providers’ demeanor impacts patient perceptions of visit length. Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Howe, L. C., Leibowitz, K. A., & Crum, A. J. (2019). When your doctor “gets it” and “gets you”: The critical role of competence and warmth in the patient-provider interaction. Frontiers in Psychiatry.

Howe, L. C., Leibowitz, K. A., Perry, M. A., Bitler, J. M., Block, W., Kaptchuk, T. J., Nadeau, K. C., & Crum, A. J. (2019). Changing patient mindsets about non-life-threatening symptoms during oral immunotherapy: A randomized clinical trial. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

Zion, S. R. & Crum, A. J. (2019). Targeting mindsets, not just tumors. Cell: Trends in Cancer.

Leibowitz, K. A., Hardebeck, E. J., Goyer, J. P., & Crum, A. J. (2018). Physician assurance reduces patient symptoms in US adults: An experimental study. Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Zion, S. R. & Crum, A.J. (2018). Mindsets matter: A new framework for harnessing the placebo effect in modern medicine. International Review of Neurobiology.

Crum, A. J., Leibowitz, K. A., & Verghese, A. (2017). Making Mindset Matter. BMJ.

Crum, A. J. & Zuckerman, B. (2017). Changing Mindsets to Enhance Treatment Effectiveness. JAMA.

Howe, L. C., Goyer, J. P., & Crum, A. J. (2017). Harnessing the Placebo Effect: Exploring the Influence of Physician Characteristics on Placebo Response. Health Psychology.

Crum, A. J., & Langer, E. J. (2007). Mind-set matters: Exercise and the placebo effect. Psychological Science, 18(2), 165-171.

Crum, A. J., Corbin, W. R., Brownell, K. D., & Salovey, P. (2011). Mind over milkshakes: mindsets, not just nutrients, determine ghrelin response. Health Psychology, 30(4), 424.

Additional research used in the training:

Evers, A. W., Colloca, L., Blease, C., Annoni, M., Atlas, L. Y., Benedetti, F., ... Crum, A. J., ... Kelley, J. M. (2020). How to communicate about placebo and nocebo effects in clinical practice: Expert consensus. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

Evers, A. W., Colloca, L., Blease, C., Annoni, M., Atlas, L. Y., Benedetti, F. … Crum, A. J. … Kelley, J. M. (2018). Implications of placebo and nocebo effects for clinical practice: Expert consensus. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

Price, D. D., Finniss, D. G., & Benedetti, F. (2008). A comprehensive review of the placebo effect: recent advances and current thought. Annu. Rev. Psychol., 59, 565-590.

Finniss, D. G., Kaptchuk, T. J., Miller, F., & Benedetti, F. (2010). Biological, clinical, and ethical advances of placebo effects. The Lancet, 375(9715), 686-695.

Amanzio, M., Corazzini, L. L., Vase, L., & Benedetti, F. (2009). A systematic review of adverse events in placebo groups of anti-migraine clinical trials. Pain, 146(3), 261-269.

Benedetti, F., Maggi, G., Lopiano, L., Lanotte, M., Rainero, I., Vighetti, S., & Pollo, A. (2003). Open versus hidden medical treatments: the patient’s knowledge about a therapy affects the therapy outcome. Prevention & Treatment, 6(1), 1a.

Levinson, W. (1994). Physician-patient communication: a key to malpractice prevention. Jama, 272(20), 1619-1620.

Kelley, J. M., Kraft-Todd, G., Schapira, L., Kossowsky, J., & Riess, H. (2014). The influence of the patient-clinician relationship on healthcare outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PloS one, 9(4), e94207.

Hojat, M., Louis, D. Z., Markham, F. W., Wender, R., Rabinowitz, C., & Gonnella, J. S. (2011). Physicians' empathy and clinical outcomes for diabetic patients. Academic Medicine, 86(3), 359-364.

Rakel, D., Barrett, B., Zhang, Z., Hoeft, T., Chewning, B., Marchand, L., & Scheder, J. (2011). Perception of empathy in the therapeutic encounter: Effects on the common cold. Patient education and counseling, 85(3), 390-397.

Pereira, L., Figueiredo-Braga, M., & Carvalho, I. P. (2016). Preoperative anxiety in ambulatory surgery: The impact of an empathic patient-centered approach on psychological and clinical outcomes. Patient education and counseling, 99(5), 733-738.

Penner, L. A., Dovidio, J. F., West, T. V., Gaertner, S. L., Albrecht, T. L., Dailey, R. K., & Markova, T. (2010). Aversive racism and medical interactions with Black patients: A field study. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(2), 436-440.

Lang, F., Floyd, M. R., Beine, K. L., & Buck, P. (2002). Sequenced Questioning to Elicit the Patient’s Perspective on Illness: Effects on Information Disclosure, Patient Satisfaction, and Time Expenditure. Fam Med, 34(5), 325-30.

Levinson, W., Gorawara-Bhat, R., & Lamb, J. (2000). A study of patient clues and physician responses in primary care and surgical settings. Jama, 284(8), 1021-1027.

Geller, G., Bernhardt, B. A., Carrese, J., Rushton, C. H., & Kolodner, K. (2008). What do clinicians derive from partnering with their patients?: A reliable and valid measure of “personal meaning in patient care”. Patient education and counseling, 72(2), 293-300.

Boissy, A., Windover, A. K., Bokar, D., Karafa, M., Neuendorf, K., Frankel, R. M., ... & Rothberg, M. B. (2016). Communication skills training for physicians improves patient satisfaction. Journal of general internal medicine, 31(7), 755-761.

Fairhurst, K., & May, C. (2006). What general practitioners find satisfying in their work: implications for health care system reform. The Annals of Family Medicine, 4(6), 500-505.

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